Australia has a wide variety of housing types. These include freestanding houses, semi-detached houses, terrace houses, villa units, townhouses and apartments. There are also dual   occupancies (“dual occ’s) or  duplexes, which is development comprising two dwellings (either attached or detached) on a parcel of land.If you want  a  dwelling with a garden or a back yard, there are freestanding or detached houses of various styles, ages and sizes to choose from. A freestanding  house generally provides the most privacy ait does not share a common wall with a neighbour’s home, but is commonly separated by a fence, a wall or a hedge. A semi-detached  house is a type of dwelling that is usually a mirror image of the adjoining  neighbour’s home, shares common wall and often a common boundary fence. dual occupancy home sometimes known as duplex is two homes on the one block. There are various designs some with a common entrance while others have two totally separate entrances. Terrace houses are a row of identical or mirror-image houses that share side walls. They can be single or double storey and are also known as row houses or linked houses.

 You  will  often  hear  the  term  units  or  villa  units.  A  unit  refers  to  a  single  level  dwelling amongst  a  block  of  two  or  more  similar  units  sited  on  a  parcel  of  land.  Units  share common  walls  with  their  adjoining  neighbours. A  villa  unit  is  similar  to  a  unit  except  that it  is  freestanding  without  any  common  walls  with  neighbours  or  could  usually  share  only the  wall  of  the  garage  with  the  neighbour.  Units  and  villa  units  almost  always  share common driveways and sometimes garden areas.Townhouses  are  usually  two-storey  dwellings  that  are  freestanding,  semi-detached  or terraced.  The  noticeable  difference  between  a  townhouse  and  a  normal  house  is  that  a townhouse  usually  occupies  a  smaller  land  allotment,  within  a  sub-divided  land  parcel. The subdivision usually contains townhouses of similar design. Apartments  are  dwellings  that  occupy  part  of  a  larger  apartment  building, so your neighbours  may  live  beside,  above  or  below  you.  Each  apartment  in  the  building  can also  be  referred  as  a  unit  or  apartment  unit.  Apartment  buildings  can  be  high-rise or tower  blocks  comprising  hundreds  of  units  and  common  amenities  such  as  a  lobby,  a gymnasium,  a  swimming  pool  and  a  roof  top  garden,  or  smaller  blocks,  sometimes called  boutique  apartments  with  say,  12,  20  or  36  units  with  minimum  or  no  common amenities.

 Other  housing  types  include  studio  units,  granny  flats  and  penthouses.  Studio  units  are a  special  kind  of  accommodation  that  combines  a  bedroom,  living  room and kitchen into  one  room  and  includes  an  attached  bathroom  or  commonly  called  an  ensuite bathroom. A  studio  unit  can  be  amongst  other  units  within  a  multi-unit  complex  or  in  an apartment  building.  A  granny  flat  or  in-laws  flat  is  a  self-contained  dwelling  within, attached  to  or  separate  from  the  main  family home on the same parcel of land.  A penthouse is usually the   largest   apartment   on   the   highest   floor   in   an   apartment building. It could be single level or two-level. Houses  and  apartments  may  be  as  little  as  a  few  months  old,  or  anywhere  up  to  150 years   old.   They   may   be   made   of   brick,   concrete,   or   timber   (sometimes   called weatherboard).   Many   old   dwellings   have   been   completely   refurbished,   particularly internally, featuring modern surfaces, appliances, fixtures and fittings.Dwellings  usually  include  one  to  four  bedrooms,  a  kitchen,  one  or  two  bathrooms, laundry  and  living  space.  Larger  homes  also  include  a  second  or  third  living  area,  a powder  room,  and  a  car  garage  or  carport.  Australians  in  general  love  the  sun,  hence many homes feature an outdoor entertaining area.Most  homes  have  heating  and  some  have  central  cooling  or  separate  air-conditioning units.  Carpets,  curtains  or  blinds,  light  fittings,  kitchen  cupboards,  hot  water  systems and  stoves/ovens  are  generally  included.  Most  homes  include  built-in  wardrobes  and some a dishwasher.Fully  furnished  houses  are  not  common.  So  you  may  need  to  purchase  items  such  as refridgerators,  washing  machines,  clothes  dryers,  beds,  tables,  chairs  and  sofas  or lounge suites.